Prostatitis is inflammation of the prostate gland. The inflammation can be due to an infection as well as other various causes.
The prostate gland is part of the male reproductive system, and it is a walnut-sized gland found in men that is located below the bladder and in front of the rectum. It surrounds the urethra, the tube through which urine and semen exit the body. Its main function is to produce seminal fluid in order to transport sperm through the urethra.
signs and symptoms of prostatitis
The symptoms associated with prostatitis can vary depending on the underlying cause of prostatitis. The symptoms may appear slowly or come on quickly, and they may improve rapidly (depending on the cause and treatment available) or they may last for several months and they can keep recurring (chronic prostatitis). The rapidity and severity of onset is usually most pronounced with acute bacterial prostatitis.
The following are signs and symptoms
• Painful, difficult and/or frequent urinating
• Blood in the urine
• Groin pain, rectal pain, abdominal pain and/or low back pain
• Fever and chills
• Malaise and body aches
• Urethral discharge
• Painful ejaculation or sexual dysfunction
What are the complications of prostatitis?
• acute prostatitis becoming chronic prostatitis,
• bladder outlet obstruction or urinary retension
• abscess of the prostate gland,
• spreading of the infection to the blood stream (bacteremia/sepsis), and rarely
Prostatitis can elevate the PSA level. There is no evidence that prostatitis leads to prostate cancer. If the acute inflammation/episode of prostatitis has resolved, the PSA level will usually return to baseline levels.
Although some people still think of fertility as a “woman’s problem,” in 20% of infertile couples, the problem is solely with the male partner.Infertility in a man may be the only reason that a couple can’t conceive, or it may simply add to the difficulties caused by infertility in his partner.
So it’s crucial that men get tested for fertility as well as women. It’s also important that men do it early. Though some guys may want to put off being tested — possibly to avoid embarrassment — early testing can spare their partners a great deal of unnecessary discomfort and expense. It’s also a good way to quickly narrow down potential problems. Getting Tested for Infertility
The first thing to do for fertility issues is to go to the doctor, typically a urologist. After a physical exam, your doctor will probably order a seman analysis, which will check the quality and quantity of the sperm in the semen. And yes, your doctor will want you to give the sample there, or at least someplace nearby, because it’s important that the analysis takes place quickly. Just remember, as sheepish as you might feel, a semen analysis is a common test, and the results could save you months of worry and stress.
If the first semen analysis is normal, your doctor may order a second test to confirm the results. Two normal tests usually are interpreted to mean that the man doesn’t have any significant infertility problems. If something in the results looks irregular, your doctor might order further tests to pinpoint the problem. At this point, if you aren’t already seeing a urologist, you should considering seeing a specialist.
What a Semen Analysis Can Detect
But while these conditions may be the direct reason that you can’t conceive, they themselves may be caused by an underlying medical condition. Your doctor will probably want to investigate the i
There are a wide number of reasons for male infertility. Some are caused by physical problems that prevent the sperm from being ejaculated normally in semen. Others affect the quality and production of the sperm itself.
Possible Male Fertility Problems
- DR. ANASWARA DEV